September 2010 Newsletter Bookmark and Share
 This Month
September's Article: A Dedication to the Greek Diaspora Special Feature: Zakynthos: Food, Wine & Products
What's New: The Archaic Earth Stone Necklace Collection, Byzantine Inspired Gold Cross Pendants, Greek Sterling Silver Jewelry, Junior Greek & English Dictionary, Greek Music,  Greek Food & Soaps, Vintage Greek City Posters Latest Arrivals: Greek Books, Apparel and Accessories, Pomegranate Good Luck Ornament, Komboskini, Canvas Bags
Featured Destination: Islands of the Saronic & Argolic Gulf - Hydra September's Recipe: Garides, Kritharaki, Tomata
Saint Namedays in September Suggestions, Comments, Subscription Info

September's Recipe:
Garides, Kritharaki, Tomata

(Shrimp with Orzo & Tomato)


Ingredients:
  • 16 U-15 shrimp, peeled
  • Kosher salt & black pepper
  • 1 1/2 cups orzo
  • 2 tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic, smashed and finely chopped
  • 3 shallots, finely chopped
  • 9 whole scallions, thickly sliced
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 2 plum tomatoes, roughly chopped
  • 1 1/2 cups smooth tomato sauce or purée (or a good store bought marinara)
  • 1/4 cup garlic purée*
  • 3/4 cup crumbled feta cheese, divided in half
  • 6 cups baby spinach leaves (about 8 oz)
  • Small handful torn fresh herbs, such as dill, mint and/or parsley
  • Extra-virgin olive oil


Preparation:

Preheat the oven to 275°F. Season the shrimp with kosher salt and pepper.

Cook the orzo according to instructions and toss with 1 tablespoon of the oil. Reserve, keeping warm.

In a large, heavy soup pot, Dutch oven, or wok, warm the remaining tablespoon of olive oil over high heat. When the pot is very hot, add the garlic and shallots, and sauté  for 1 minute. Add the scallions and shrimp, and sear for 30 seconds. Add the water, tomatoes, tomato sauce, and Garlic Purée. Cook for 2 minutes and remove the shrimp to the reserved orzo. Continue to reduce the liquid until the mixture has thickened (2-3 minutes), and season with salt and pepper.

Place a serving bowl in the preheated oven for 2 minutes to warm.

To the pot, add the orzo and shrimp, half of the feta, and the spinach, and toss to combine. As soon as the spinach has wilted (about 1 minute), transfer to the preheated bowl.

To finish, scatter the remaining feta, the fresh herbs, and a drizzle of olive oil over the top.

*The Garlic Purée used in this recipe is made from Garlic Confit. The recipe can be found in this book. It is a blend of oil, spices and garlic cloves.

Yields: 4 entree servings


Excerpts and Photography from: How to Roast a Lamb
by Michael Psilakis



 
September's Article:
A Dedication to the Greek Diaspora

Part One of a Two Part Series:
The Greek Americans

When a young Greek-American girl in elementary school told her classmate that her background was Greek, the classmate responded, "Oh, do you believe in Zeus?" For many, the perception of Greek stops with the classical period — ancient gods, the birthplace of democracy, the Parthenon, and famous philosophers such as Plato and Socrates.

Non-Greeks may not be aware of the heritage that shaped Greek Americans after the classical period: the Roman occupation, Byzantine Empire, Orthodoxy, four hundred years of Ottoman occupation, three wars in the twentieth century, the struggles of immigrants to America, and the triumph of developing a Greek-American way of life. Greek Americans come from a rich past. But who are they today?

What are the distinguishing attitudes, habits, and beliefs they hold in common? That is, what ethos did the immigrants bring with them from Greece, how has the American experience shaped them and their descendents, and how have these immigrants impacted American culture and society?

GREEK IMMIGRANTS IN AMERICA
Although individuals and small groups had come to America earlier, a Scotsman recruited the first large number of Greeks from Mani in southern Greece as indentured laborers with the promise of land. About four to five hundred immigrants arrived in 1768 and settled in a community named New Smyrna on the east coast of Florida. These immigrants endured great hardships, and many died. Eventually they left the area, were formally granted freedom in 1777, and moved north to St. Augustine, Florida. (Two memorials commemorate these brave immigrants. The New Smyma Memorial has been erected at Riverfront Park in New Smyma Beach, Florida. The St. Photios National Shrine in St. Augustine commemorates the house where they worshiped.) During the next one hundred years, individuals and other small groups continued to arrive. In 1864 Greek merchant under the direction of the local Greek consul formed a multiethnic parish named the Eastern Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity in New Orleans.

According to a leading Greek-American sociologist, Charles Moskos, by the end of the nineteenth century around fifteen thousand Greeks had immigrated to the United States. Between 1890 and 1917, the largest wave of Greek immigrants, 450,000 arrived in America. They came primarily for economic reasons, initially settling mainly in large cities. Eventually, though, Greeks could be found in most cities and in every state. In the big cities, they held jobs in factories, restaurants, shoeshine parlors, candy shops, and produce stands. In New England, they were blue collar workers at textile and shoe factories; and in the Midwest and West, many worked in mines and helped build railroads. Smaller groups went south to Alabama, North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. The tremendous flow of immigrants slowed in 1924 when the American government set quotas for the number of immigrants allowed to enter the country. The Immigration Act of 1965 ended ethnic quotas, and the second largest wave of Greek immigrants (160,000) arrived between 1966 and 1979. some 810,000 Greek immigrants came to America between 1873 and 1989.

TRANSPLANTING THE GREEK ETHOS
While many of the original immigrants were single young men who came to make money and then return to Greece, a substantial number stayed and brought women from Greece to start families. They began to recreate the society they had left. A Greek ethos (system of values) was transplanted to America, a way of life built on dual foundations of the Greek Orthodox faith and Hellenism. (In the Greek language the word for "Greece" is "Hellas." Thus the Greeks call themselves "Hellenes," and Hellenism refers to the secular Greek culture.) These values were based on family, faith, ethnic pride, education, personal honor, and hard work. Early immigrants fiercely nurtured these values by building Greek Orthodox churches as centers for religious, cultural, and social needs. In addition, they established secular organizations dedicated to regional, cultural, professional, and personal needs. admirably, these efforts helped sustain the transplanted ethos of the first generation.


Greekshops Recommends:

The Greeks of Southern California, The Pioneers 1900-1942, DVD (NTSC, All Zones)

The Greeks of Southern California, The Pioneers 1900-1942, DVD (NTSC, All Zones)

Part two to be continued next month.

Excerpts and Photography from
A Guide to Greek Traditions and Customs
by Marilyn Rouvelas

 Special Feature: 
 Zakynthos: Food, Wine & Products


Zakynthians are also concerned with their personal appearance. They are always dressed fashionably to suit the occasion, and even the country folks have a certain sophistication in manner and dress. Zakynthian cuisine developed according to the geological form, the conditions, and the need of the people.

People in the city had access to goods of all kinds because they were near the port where merchant vessels arrived every day carrying goods such as pasta, spices, jewels, cloth and fish. Besides this, vendors from the villages brought in their fresh products including eggs, chicken and tomatoes to sell to the rich. The vendors used donkeys to carry their goods and tied them outside gaithouro-tavernas (donkey taverns) where they stopped for lunch.

There were no restaurants like there are today, but there were shops which sold cooked food where workers could come for a break and enjoy Vouta, dipping a piece of bread in soup, or another dish which was mostly served in a big container.

There was an extra charge if olive oil was added to the soup. Some carried this food to the nearest tavern where wine was provided, and if the company was friendly they would start a big Glendi-feast.

Besides the venders from villages, there were the Jewish vendors who were smart enough to sell other goods such as small pots, candles, water or olive holders, used shoes, old scraps, bronze and lead items for various needs.

Those who lived in the mountains were limited to local products such as horta, wild greens, mushrooms, olives, cheese, game, corn or wheat bread, which they grew in their yards. The sauces they made were white because the soil was not fertile enough to grow tomatoes. Those who were poor had to be creative in order to find something to feed their families and to make these humble ingredients taste good. their kitchens were in the corner of a room which served every purpose. Most important was the Foufou-the fire, with logs and charcoals burning in a ring of rocks. The meals were cooked in clay casseroles, a slow method of cooking which results in very tasty dishes but requires patience on the part of the cook. The foufou also kept them warm in winter. In this room the whole family could share everything. There was no furniture, but baskets turned upside down were used for chairs and tables. The oven was built of clay and placed outside of the house where bread and other dishes were baked.

When John Dave, a British historian and military doctor, traveled all over Zakynthos in 1824, he noticed that people in the mountains were more independent than those in the city. There was no aristocracy but peasants who took care of their households. The men were responsible for only the care of their animals and vineyards. The women had to do the rest of the jobs. Besides housework, there were the all-important activities of sewing, embroidering and weaving items for their dowry.

Zakynthos' women had many children and kept them home until they were adults so that they could help take care of their properties. John Dave, also met men over 100 years old who confessed to him that they had lived on bread and garlic all their lives. People in the plains had poultry, vegetables, a plentitude of tomatoes, local cheese, olives and wine which they grew and cultivated for their own use. Some of them became vendors and sold eggs, chickens and vegetables to the people in the city.

Today, with the abundance of products available, improved transportation and economical progress, not go without anything.

 
The Special Feature "Zakynthos: Food, Wine & Products" will continue next month.

Excerpt from
Cooking and Traditions of Zakynthos
by Calliopi Toufidou

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Parathisos 2010 , Various Artists

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H2O International Dance Mix , Various Artists
Kalokeri 2010 , Various Artists

Kalokeri 2010 , Various Artists
Minos 2010 Summer Kalokeri , Various Artists (2CD)

Minos 2010 Summer Kalokeri , Various Artists (2CD)
Kaftes Epitihies 2010 , Various Artists  , Mario Frangoulis

Kaftes Epitihies 2010 , Various Artists
Ola Mesa 2010 - 24 Non Stop Greek Dance Hits CD

Ola Mesa 2010 - 24 Non Stop Greek Dance Hits CD
Non Stop Mix 6 by Nikos Halkousis , Various Artists

Non Stop Mix 6 by Nikos Halkousis , Various Artists
Summer Hits 2010, Various Artists

Summer Hits 2010, Various Artists
To Dimotiko Tragoudi einai edo Vol. 12, Traditional Greek Folk/Clarinet Music Collection (4CD)

To Dimotiko Tragoudi einai edo Vol. 12, Traditional Greek Folk/Clarinet Music Collection (4CD)
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To Dimotiko Tragoudi einai edo Vol. 15, Traditional Greek Folk/Clarinet Music Collection (4CD)
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E, Re Glentia , Various Artists (2CD)
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Hrisi diskothiki 1955, Various Artists
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( Season of Love 2 ) ,
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, 3rd of September Street (1914)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, 3rd of September Street (1914)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Acropolis view (1950)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Acropolis view (1950)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Aiolou Street (1904)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Amalias Avenue (1937)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Amalias Avenue (1937)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Athens and Acropolis City view (1950)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Athens and Acropolis City view (1950)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Athinas Street (1900)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Athinas Street (1917)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Entrance to Ancient Agora (1936)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Ermou Street (1904)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Fillelinon Street (1910)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Grand Brettagne Hotel (1907)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Haftia (1934)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Kifisias Avenue (1932)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Lycabettus - Tositsa Street (1950)
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Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1928)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1928)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - Panepistimiou Street (1937)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - Panepistimiou Street (1937)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1947)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1947)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1950)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Panepistimiou Street (1950)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Aerial view (1970)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Aerial view (1970)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1904)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1904)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1920)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1920)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1924)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Patision Street (1924)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Polytechnic University (1902)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Polytechnic University (1902)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Siggrou Avenue (1932)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Siggrou Avenue (1932)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1910)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1910)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1930)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1930)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1934)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Stadiou Street (1934)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Temple of Zeus - Stiles Olympiou Dios (1910)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Temple of Zeus - Stiles Olympiou Dios (1910)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Temple of Zeus - view of Athens (1921)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Temple of Zeus - view of Athens (1921)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Thision aerial view (1932)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Thision aerial view (1932)
Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Acropolis view (1965)

Vintage Greek City Photos Attica - City of Athens, Acropolis view (1965)

Keep a close eye on the Greek Poster Section as it continues to expand. We are in the process of adding hundreds of Vintage City Photos and Vintage Advertisement Posters.
Above you can find a selection from the city of Athens in the Attica region.

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Greece Collage with Church of Virgin Mary of Tinos Tshirt Style D225

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Greece Collage with Venetian Castle and Aphrodite Tshirt Style D239

Greece Collage with Venetian Castle and Aphrodite
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Komboskini Greek Long Prayer Rope

Komboskini Greek Long Prayer Rope
Komboskini Greek Long Prayer Rope with Beads

Komboskini Greek Long Prayer Rope with Beads
Canvas Athens Acropolis Shoulder Bag Style BG32

Canvas Athens Acropolis Shoulder Bag Style BG32
Canvas Greek Key Shoulder Bag Style BG27

Canvas Greek Key Shoulder Bag Style BG27
Glass Pomegranate Good Luck Ornament (Gouri) - 3.5" yellow round

Glass Pomegranate Good Luck Ornament (Gouri) -
3.5" yellow round

 

  Featured Destination: Islands of the Saronic & Argolic Gulf - Hydra (part 4 of 5)


GEOGRAPHY
With its cosmopolitan atmosphere and constant throng of tourists, Hydra is quite unlike the other islands of the Argosaronic gulf. 50 sq. km. in area, with 56 km. of coast and 2,723 inhabitants, its main town is also called Hydra. There are daily boat and hydrofoil connections with Piraeus, 36 nautical miles away, as well as with Aegina, Methana, Poros, Spetses and Hermione. During the summer there is a hydrofoil link with Tolo, Nauplion and Porto Cheli, and twice a week with Monemvasia and Leonidion. Tourist facilities are of a high standard and there is a yacht marina in the harbour. Hydra is also exceptional on account of its unique landscape, differing from that of the other islands in that it is rocky and barren (highest point Eros, 593 m. a.s.l.).
    
HISTORY It was known in antiquity as Hydraia and there was a Mycenaean settlement to the west of the present town, as excavations have revealed.

In Homeric times it was dependent on Mycenae and later on Hermione which, according to Herodotus, sold the island for 100 talants to exiled Samians. It seems that during the Byzantine era it experienced a floruit, as evident from finds at the locality of Episkopi on the island's east coast. However, its greatest acme was achieved in more recent times, particularly during the 17th and 18th century when its inhabitants amassed a considerable fleet of vessels, both large and small, which voyaged throughout the Mediterranean. This fleet and its experienced crews comprised the Hydriote contribution to the Struggle for Independence in 1821. The island's nautical tradition continued into modern times even though many of its inhabitants moved to Piraeus or emigrated to America. Nowadays there is a Merchant Navy Academy here.

SIGHTS-MONUMENTS The old harbour with its canons and imposing bourgeois residences dominating the landscape also bear witness to its great maritime tradition. The houses are built amphitheatrically, many have been refurbished in the original style and have preserved their interior decoration, often reminiscent of renaissance mansions in miniature. Of these the Voulgari mansion on the west flank of the harbour, that of Kountouriotis further up, Tombazis' adjacent to that of Voulgaris, as well as those of Votsi and Koulouris are particularly impressive. A branch of the School of Fine Arts is accommodated in the Tombazis mansion, a Home for the Aged in that of Kriezis and the Merchant Navy Academy in the Tsambados residence. The Museum houses archival material related to the 1821 Revolution. Of the many important churches and monasteries on the island, mention should be made of the cathedral (metropolis), dedicated to the Dormition of the Virgin and built in 1765, with its marble iconostasis and numerous icons (including one the Neomartyr Constantine of Hydra). On the east side of the island, beside the bay of Mandraki (3 km. from the harbour) stands the monastery of the Holy Trinity and to the northeast that of St. Nicholas and St. Matrona, on the highest peak of the island the monasteries of Prophet Elijah (circa 1800) and St. Eupraxia (circa 1800). Next to the lighthouse (Faros) (at the northeast tip of the island) is the monastery of the Dormition or the Virgin Zourva. The regions of Kaminia, Vlychos and Molos are particularly picturesque and from here one can climb up to Episkopi (on the south side), site of the Byzantine town. In general only a few beaches are suitable for swimming (Mandraki, Kaminia, Viychos, Molos, Bisti) and access to these is by small boat. There are refuelling facilities in the harbour. Visitors may stay in hotels (mostly in town) and a limited number of rooms and apartments for rent. Hydra is girt by numerous rocky islets, the largest of which is Dokos.

Next month: The Islands of the Saronic and Argolic Gulf, Part 5 - Spetses


 September 2010 Greek Orthodox Calendar

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
      1
Ecclesiastical New Year

Synaxis of the Recovery of the Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos

Symeon the Stylite
2
15th Thursday after Pentecost

Mammas the Martyr

John the Abstainer, Patriarch of Constantinople
3
15th Friday after Pentecost

Anthimos, Bishop of Nicomedea

Holy Father Theoctistus and his fellow struggler Euthymius the Great
4
15th Saturday after Pentecost

Babylas the Holy Martyr

Moses the Prophet & Godseer
5
15th Sunday of Matthew

Zacharias the Prophet & Righteous Elizabeth, parents of St. John the Baptist

Urban, Theodore, & Medimnos the Hieromartyrs and the 77 Companions at Nicomedea
6
The Miracle at Colassai of Archangel Michael
Holy Martyr Calodotus
7
16th Tuesday after Pentecost

The Forefeast of the Nativity of the Theotokos

Sozon the Martyr
8
The Nativity of Our Most Holy Lady the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary
Sophronios, Bishop of Iberia
9
The Holy & Righteous Ancestors of God, Joachim and Anna

Severianos the Martyr of Sebaste

Theophanes the Confessor
10
Forefeast of the Elevation of the Venerable and Life-Giving Cross

Menodora, Metrodora, & Nymphodora the Martyrs

Poulcheria the Empress
11
Forefeast of the Elevation of the Venerable and Life-Giving Cross

Theodora the Martyr of Alexandria

Euphrosynos the Cook
12
Sunday before Holy Cross

Apodosis of the Nativity of Our Most Holy Lady the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary

Autonomos the Martyr
13
Forefeast of the Elevation of the Holy Cross

Memorial of the founding of the Holy Temple: Holy Resurrection of Christ

Cornelius the Centurion & Martyr
14
The Elevation of the Venerable and Life-Giving Cross
Commemoration of the 6th Ecumenical Council
15
Nikitas the Great Martyr
Philotheos the Righteous
Bessarion of Larissa
16
Euphemia the Great Martyr

Sebastiana, Disciple of St. Paul the Apostle

Dorotheos the Hermit of Egypt
17
16th Friday after Pentecost

Sophia & her three daughters: Faith, Hope, and Love

Herakleides & Myron, Bishops of Crete
18
Saturday after Holy Cross

Eumenios, Bishop of Gortyna

Ariadne the Martyr
19
Sunday after Holy Cross

Trophimos, Sabbatios, & Dorymedon the Martyrs

Afterfeast of the Holy Cross
20
Monday of the 1st Week

Eustathios the Great Martyr, his wife and two children

Our Righteous Father Eustathius, Archbishop of Thessolonica
21
Tuesday of the 1st Week

Apodosis of the Elevation of the Venerable and Life-Giving Cross

St. Quadratus the Apostle
22
Wednesday of the 1st Week

Phocas the Martyr, Bishop of Sinope

Phocas the Cyprian
23
The Conception of St. John the Baptist

Xanthippe & Polyxene the Righteous

John the New Martyr of Epiros
24
Thekla the Protomartyr & Equal-to-the-Apostles

St. Silouan of Athos

Coprios the Righteous
25
Saturday of the 1st Week

Euphrosyne of Alexandria

Paphnoutios the Martyr & his 546 Companions in Egypt
26
The Falling Asleep of St. John the Evangelist and Theologian
27
Monday of the 2nd Week

Kallistratos the Martyr & his 49 Companions

Mark, Aristarchos, & Zenon, Apostles of the 70
28
Tuesday of the 2nd Week

Chariton the Confessor

Our Righteous Father Alkeisonus, Metropolitan of Nicopolis; Old Epirus
29
Wednesday of the 2nd Week

Kyriakos the Hermit of Palestine

Martyr Petronius
30
Gregory the Illuminator, Bishop of Armenia
Mardonios & Stratonikos the Martyrs
   


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