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February 2010 Newsletter
 This Month 
February's Article: Cretan Nutrition and the Mediterranean Diet Special Feature: Do You Speak Greek?
What's New: Sterling Silver Jewelry, Vancouver Pins, Vintage Prints, Hand Painted Icons, Greek Music, DVDs, & Books, Children's DVDs, Greek Party Decorations & Gifts Featured Destination: Ionian Isles - Cephallonia
Latest Arrivals: Ecru Greek Fisherman Hats, Greece Rhinestone Longsleeve Shirts, Zouzounia Childrens DVDs, Ancient Greek Magnets February's Recipe: Beet (Beetroot) Salad with Garlic Yogurt
Saint Namedays in February Suggestions, Comments, Subscription Info

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February's Recipe:
Beet (Beetroot) Salad with Garlic Yogurt

Ingredients:
  • 2 1/4 (1 kg) tender young beets (beetroots), trimmed
  • 4 tablespoons red wine vinegar
  • 4 tablespoons olive oil
  • salt
  • 1 cup (250 ml/8 fl oz) strained plain or thick Greek yogurt
  • 3 garlic cloves, finely chopped
  • 1/3 cup (40g / 1 1/2 oz) coarsely chopped walnuts

Preparation:

Put the beets into a pan, add boiling water to cover, and cook for about 30 minutes, or until tender. Rub or peel off the skin and cut into slices. Put the slices on a deep platter and pour half the vinegar and half the olive oil over them. Season with salt, cover, and let marinate at room temperature for 2-3 hours. Combine the yogurt, the remaining oil, the remaining vinegar, and the garlic in a bowl and season lightly with salt. Pour the mixture over the beet slices, cover, and chill in the refridgerator for 2 hours to let the flavors blend. Just before serving, sprinkle with the chopped walnuts.

Serves 6

Preparation Time 5 1/2 hours (including marinating and chilling)

Cooking time 30 minutes


Festive Cuisine by Vefa AlexiadouExcerpts and Photography from: Vefa's Kitchen
by Vefa Alexiadou
 




 
February's Article:
Cretan Nutrition and the Mediterranean Diet


CRETAN NUTRITION AND THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET

Cretan (Mediterranean) Diet - Research - Recommendations During the last few decades the old way of life on Crete has changed significantly. The traditional modes of meal preparation were infiltrated by western modalities which undermined the health of the local population: CVR incidents and cancer growths increased to epidemic proportion. One more question: are we entitled to demand of people to return to a traditional way of life and nutrition? An affirmative answer would be unwise, if not absurd, in spite of the fact that the benefits of the traditional Cretan diet have been corroborated by scientific research. However, we are confident that knowledge of this diet will spur individual adjustments by interested individuals. Such knowledge and adjustments are warranted given the publicity the Cretan diet has received and of the fact that certain western nutritional standards are implicated in health and economic problems. Given the fact that economic hardship has spread to global proportions, it would be wiser to substitute a portion of our meat allowance with fish. Let me remind you that Japan ranked second to Crete in terms of lower mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases. This is attributed to the fact that the Japanese are avid consumers of fish. We are not sure why fish is good for health; perhaps it is the fish oil.

The fact with olive oil is that it inhibits the oxidation of "good" cholesterol, HDL. Consequently, the byproducts oxidation do not clog the arteries. At the same time levels of HDL cholesterol remain high. We can achieve the same effect if we substituted meat with fish in our diet. Standards of living that are closer to the Cretan way of life also involve increased physical activity and the consumption of fresh and unadulterated products of land and sea.

In 1988 Serge Renault, director of the nutrition and cardiology department at the National Institute for Health Research in Lyon, France, conducted a research with 600 subjects that had suffered a cardiac infarct. Half of his subjects were instructed to follow the Cretan diet, i.e. olive oil, vegetables, fruit, little meat and fish, little butter. The diet of the other half followed the recommendations of the American Cardiology Society. The study was originally scheduled to conclude in five years, but was interrupted in a period of 27 months as a result of significant developments: sixteen subjects from the latter group had died, as against three from the former group. At a later time, after the study had been stopped, eight subjects under the American Cardiology regime, suffered a sudden cardiac arrest. This study corroborated the Keys' et al. postulates and findings that nutrition can be a major factor of health and life expectancy. Another finding that changed the perception of experts about the source of calories was that in spite of recommendations for 30% calories intake from fatty substances, the Cretan diet, which proved healthier than other diets, offers 40% of calories from olive oil. Comprising monounsaturates, vitamins and other antioxidant elements, the olive oil shields the heart from diseases and the human body from cancer growths. The effects of very expensive medication is half that obtained by observing the precepts of the Cretan diet.

Continued next month

 Special Feature: Do You Speak Greek?
 Part 1
The Clothes You Wear

Written by Dr. Steve Demacopoulos, this article about the Greek language was originally posted on the Herald Examiner in 1971. In this article Dr. Demacopoulos discusses Dr. Demakopoulos is a lexicographer. He has spent over a quarter of a century perfecting the greek lexicon.

If you were forced to wear only the articles of clothing whose words are of Greek origin, where would you be? First, you would not remain entirely nude for long as most of us call "underwear" εσώρουχα a word of recent origin from the Ancient Greek εσω, "inside" (from which we get "esoteric") and ρούχα, "clothing", a word since the Medieval Greek period. The Ancients appear not to have had a word for "underwear" in general. But you could not sleep in your "pajamas" (or "pyjamas" in England) as they are called πιτζάμες or  (in U.S.) πατζάμες in Greek, there being no acceptable substitute in the language. The English word stems from the Persian pa(e) (="leg") plus jama (="garment"), through the Hindi pa(e)jama, the Greek word being derived from the English. You wouldn't be sure about your "slippers" as παντόφλα comes from the Medieval Greek παν (="all") and φελλό (="cork"). But the Modern Greek word is derived through the Italian pantofola. And your "robe" or κιμονό (or in U.S. κομόνα), as in English, comes from the Japanese kimono, meaning "a dress", through the French.

Now try to go outdoors. You would have no "socks" or "stockings" to put on as κάλτσα is from the Italian calza, also meaning "stocking". Also, you would be without "shoes" as παπούτσι is from the Medieval Greek παπούτσιν, itself from the Turkish papuc, a word of Arabic origin, unless, of course, you call your shoes υποδήματα. And few of us would say ιμάντες but κορδόνια, from Venetian cordon, from Italian cordone, from Latin chorda, itself from the Greek χορδή (="gut"), compare "chord" and "cord" in English, for "shoelaces", so they also can remain with your "shoes". And you have no "pants" to wear (or even "hot-pants"), as πανταλόνι is from the Italian plural pantaloni, from the French pantalon, meaning "trousers" in both languages. (Others, however, relate the Italian word to Saint Pantalone, a Fourth Century Venetian saint).

Your "shirt" would be unacceptable as πουκάμισο derives from the Medieval Greek πουκάμισον, from υποκάμισον, from επικαμισον, from the Latin camisia which meant a "linen shirt" or "nightgown". And if your "tie" is a λαιμοδέτη then wear it without your "shirt". But if it's γραβάτα, from the Italian cravatta, from the French cravate, which means Croatia, as the Croatian soldiers wore them in the French army. In English we have "cravat". If you men call your "Suit" φορεσιά and you women your "dress" φόρεμα, from the National Greek period, from the Ancient Greek verb φοράω (="to wear"), then you finally have something on your back. But if you say κουστούμι και φουστάνι , then you're up the proverbial creek with a broken paddle, as κουστούμι derives from the Italian costume (where we get our English word, through the French) and φουστάνι from the Medieval Greek φουστάνιν and φουστάνιον, from the Italian fustagno. Furthermore, the Italian word was derived from the Arabic Fustat, a suburb of Cairo, where the material was woven. Φούστα (="skirt"), and φουστανέλλα (our national costume) are closely related.

Ζακέτα for "jacket" would also not be cricket as the word can be traced through the French jacquette, diminutive of jacque, from the Arabic schakk. And you women would have no support unless you referred to your "bra" as στηθόδεσμο or μαστόδεσμο, for if it's σουτιέν, then you must join the bra-less movement as it is from the French soutien (gorge), also meaning "brassiere".

You could wear no "blouse", for μπλούζα (a also comes from the French as blouse, as it does in English. If you wanted to take a walk, you could wear your "coat" over your "underwear" if you referred to it as πανοφώρι, from the Medieval Greek
απανοφώριον , from επανοφώριον that is "something worn over". But you must stay home if it's παλτό, as this stems from the Italian palto, meaning an "overcoat". And with your "coat" must remain your "hat", as καπέλλο is also Italian, from capello also meaning "hat".

Lastly, if you dare for a swim, would you make a big splash, for if your "bathing- (or swim) suit" were called μαγιό, from the French maillot (de bain) or μπανιερό, from the Italian bagnio (from which we also get "bath"), you could wear neither of them. Did you say that you spoke Greek?

Excerpt from
Do You Speak Greek?
by Steve Demakopoulos

 

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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Papastratos Cigarettes (1961)

Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Papastratos Cigarettes (1961)
Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Beer Fix

Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Beer Fix
Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Amstel Beer (1970)

Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Amstel Beer (1970)
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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Nescafe (1954)
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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Macaroni Misko (1950)
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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Sante Cigarettes (1950)
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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - ION Chocolates (1958)
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Vintage Greek Advertising Posters - Coffee Papagalos (1950)
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Vintage Greek City Photos - Fokida, Galaxidi (1955)

Vintage Greek City Photos - Fokida, Galaxidi (1955)
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Vintage Greek Advertisement Calendar 2010

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Virgin Mary patron of Crete, hand painted icon 19 x 25 cm

Virgin Mary patron of Crete, hand painted icon 19 x 25 cm
Virgin Mary patron of Pontos, hand painted icon 19 x 25 cm

Virgin Mary patron of Pontos, hand painted icon 19 x 25 cm
Three-Fold Hand painted icon of the Virgin Mary with Archangels Michael and Gabriel - 48 x 35 cm

Three-Fold Hand painted icon of the Virgin Mary with Archangels Michael and Gabriel - 48 x 35 cm
Last Supper ( Mystikos Deipnos) Handpainted Byzantine Icon 30 x 40

Last Supper ( Mystikos Deipnos) Handpainted Byzantine Icon 30 x 40
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The Very Best Of, Haris Alexiou

The Very Best Of, Haris Alexiou
Best of Giorgos Margaritis (4 CD)

Best of Giorgos Margaritis (4 CD)
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Best of 2010 Heaven Music , Various Artists

Best of 2010 Heaven Music , Various Artists
Kolasi 2010 (CD + DVD)

Kolasi 2010 (CD + DVD)
Ancient Greece : Modern Ship Building DVD (NTSC)

Ancient Greece : Modern Ship Building DVD (NTSC)
Ancient Greece (DK Eyewitness Books)

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The Legend of Sigurd & Gudrun, J.R.R. Tolkien (In Greek)

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The Traditional Ikaria House - Paradosiaki katoikia tis ikarias
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Vals Me Dodeka Theous by Lena Manta (in Greek)
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To Triantafyllaki (The Tea Rose), by Jenifer Donnelly, In Greek
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I Athinaiki Taverna, by Giwrgos Pittas, In Greek

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Otan to Hioni Xorepse me tin Fotia, by Chrisa Dimoulidou, In Greek

Otan to Hioni Xorepse me tin Fotia, by Chrisa Dimoulidou, In Greek
  Children's Greek DVDs
UP in the Air - DVD (PAL - Zone 2)

UP in the Air - DVD (PAL - Zone 2)
SpongeBob Volume 10 DVD (PAL)

SpongeBob Volume 10 DVD (PAL)
SpongeBob Volume 6: Kinigi Ston Vitho DVD (PAL)

SpongeBob Volume 6: Kinigi Ston Vitho DVD (PAL)
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Greek Soccer Team Balloons

Greek Soccer Team Balloons
 
Greece Shoulder Bag Style BG17

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Greek Parking Sign

Greek Parking Sign "Parking for Greek Only" Aluminum
Glass Evil Eye Magnet 150115

Glass Evil Eye Magnet 150115
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Wool Ecru Greek Fisherman Hat

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Greek Island Homes Sweatshirt Style 1152

Greek Island Homes Sweatshirt Style 1152
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Greek Island Homes Tshirt Style 1152
Metal Rhinestone Greek Island Longsleeve Style 5674

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Metal Rhinestone Parthenon Longsleeve Style 5666
Crystal Rhinestone Greek Flag Longsleeve Style 5650

Crystal Rhinestone Greek Flag Longsleeve Style 5650
Metal Rhinestone Mykonos Longsleeve Style 5675

Metal Rhinestone Mykonos Longsleeve Style 5675
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Ta Zouzounia Happy Birthday Bundle 4 DVD Set (NTSC/PAL)


Ta Zouzounia Happy Birthday Bundle 4 DVD Set (NTSC/PAL)
Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun Hronia Polla kai efhes gia Agoria (NTSC/PAL)

Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun Hronia Polla kai efhes gia Agoria (NTSC/PAL)
 
Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun Hronia Polla kai efhes gia Koritsia (NTSC/PAL)

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Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun Mbala Mbala (NTSC/PAL)

Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun Mbala Mbala (NTSC/PAL)
 
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Ta Zouzounia Tragoudoun I Trata mas I Kourelou (NTSC/PAL)
 
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  Featured Destination: Ionian Isles - Cephallonia (part 5a of 7)


GEOGRAPHY Cephallonia is the largest of the Ionian islands. It is 782 sq. km. in area, has 254 km. of coastline and a population of 27,649. Together with Ithaka and a few nowadays deserted islands it comprises an independent Prefecture. Cephallonia can be reached by ferry boat from Patras (56 nautical miles), Kylini (21 nautical miles) and Astakos (about 25 nautical miles). There is a bus connection with Athens, via Patras, Kylini and Astakos. There are also daily flights from Athens and a 'plane from Zakynthos. The ferry boats from Patras also connect the island with Ithaka, Paxoi, Corfu, Igoumenitsa and Italy. There is a local boat service to Ithaka, Lefkada and Zakynthos. Cephallonia is a mountainous island with rich vegetation, marked contrasts in landscape, numerous monuments and sights of interest, lovely villages and hamlets. The island's capital and main port is Argostoli. The varied scenery, wealth of monuments and good tourist facilities attract many visitors who are assured of spending an enjoyable vacation.

HISTORY The earliest traces of human presence on the island go back to Mesolithic times. The island was inhabited in the Neolithic period and, as evident from excavations in the region of Kokolata, experienced a floruit between 1600 and 1500 BC at which time it had, like Ithaka, close trading links with Nydri on Lefkada. During the Mycenaean age four cities flourished on the island: Krani, Pali, Pronnoi and Sami. Mycenaean cemeteries have been excavated at Kokolata, Diakata, Mazarakata, Parisata, Kontogennada, Lakithra and Metaxata. Pali took part in the battle of Plataeae (479 BC), while Krani, in opposition to the other cities, sided with Athens in the Peloponnesian War. In 187 BC the Romans captured Sami and became masters of the island. In Byzantine times pirates were a constant menace. The island was conquered by the Normans and ruled by the Orsini family from 1185 until 1478 and in 1485 was decimated by the Turks. From 1500-1797 it belonged to the Venetians, then passed into French hands when its fate was the same as that of the other Ionian isles. There followed a brief interlude of Russo-Turkish occupation, then rule by the French and the British. Cephallonia was finally incorporated in the Greek state in 1864. In 1953 it was devastated by an earthquake which considerably damaged the capital and its villages.

SIGHTS-MONUMENTS Cephallonia's unusual shape is a result of geological disturbances and upheavals. The island's capital, Argostoli, is built on its west side. It was virtually destoyed in the 1953 earthquake and largely rebuilt so that it is a strikingly modern town in appearance. The Archaeological Museum deserves attention since it houses important finds from excavations conducted all over the island, but especially in the region of Kokolata and the cemetery of Mazarakata. Also of interest is the Korgialeneian Museum with the Historical Museum and the Library. In one of the rooms of the library there is also a collection of valuable Byzantine icons. North of Argostoli are the famous sink holes or swallow holes, a rare geological phenomenon. 3 km. south of Argostoli is the cave in which the ascetic Gerasimos, patron saint of the island, lived in solitary contemplation. East of Argostoli stood one of the island's most important ancient cities, Krani. Remnants of its mighty acropolis are still preserved on top of the hill beside the village of Rozata, as well as the ruins of the Roman Agora. At the north of the monastery of Aghios Andreas are ruins of the castle of St. George, built in the 13th century by the Italian lords of the island, since this was its medieval capital. At Metaxata (7 km. south of Argostoli) one may I enjoy the wonderful view, just as Lord Byrbn did during his sojourn here. Mycenaean tombs have been discovered at Lakithra. 14 km. south of Argostoli is the convent of St. Gerasimos in the Omaloi valley. In its church the saint's relic is preserved. Southeast of Vlachata is the monastery of the Virgin of Sission. To the south and southeast side of the island are the picturesque villages of Kateli, Skala and Poros (43 km. from Argostoli). The ruined 3rd century villa on the shore at Skala has a lovely mosaic floor. At Markopoulos the "Virgin's little snakes" appear on her feast day, August 15th. Traces of the ancient city of Pronnoi are preserved in the locality now known as Dakori. A 6th century BC cemetery has been excavated here and there are remnants of an ancient temple of the summit of the acropolis.

23 km. northeast of Argostoli is Sami, built close to the site of the ancient city, one of the major ones on the island. There are traces of the polygonal fortifications of the acropolis, ruins of a Roman building and the region is also renowned for its remarkable geological phenomenon. The abyssal cave at Melissani (2 km. from Sami) is well worth visiting and exceptionally beautiful as the sun's rays penetrate its collapsed roof and are reflected in the waters of its lake. There is another notable cave 5 km. from Sami, Drongorati, with elaborate stalagmite and stalactite formations. One of the loveliest routes is along the road from Argostoli to Sami where one can veer off into the densely wooded Ainos mountains from which there is a spectacular view. There are regular boat connections from Sami to Corfu, Paxoi, Lefkada, and Ithanka. North of Sami is the charming village of Aghia Evfimia (33km. from Argostoli) where there is a ruined Roman villa. From here one can visit the Monastary of the Virgin Thematon. Assos (40 km north of Argostoli) is one of the most beautiful parts of Cephallonia with its impressive Venetian castle. On the slopes of the hill beneath is the modern village from which there is a splendid view. Fiskardo (54 m. northeast of Argostoli) is the only Cephallonian village which survived the earthquake in 1953. It is built in the far north of the island and has all the charm of a quaint seaside fishing port. It was named after the Norman Robert Giscard and the buildings clustered around the harbour are Venetian in style. Here too there are remnants of an Early Christian basilica and the Monastery of the Virgin Platytera. On the eminence known as Spiliovouno there are various hollows known as caves, which are of particular interest. Boats leave from Fiskardo for the island of Lefkada.

The bay of Koutavos separates Argostoli from Lixouri, the second most important town on the island (40km west of Argostoli and 3 nautical miles away by ferry boat.) The town was founded in 1534 but destroyed in the 1953 earthquake and rebuilt on the same site. Nowadays it is a modern conurbation with two important libraries -the Petritseios and the lakovatios- including notable collections of ecclesiastical vestments and rare books. There is a small archaeological collection in the Municipal Library. North of Lixouri was the ancient city of Pali, known today as Palaiokastro. Only a few traces of its acropolis have survived, though there are remnants of the medieval fortress which stood here. In the nearby village of Soullari an important column capital was found, on display in the Argostoli Museum. Further south, at Mantzavinata is the famous Kounopetra, a curious geological phenomenon. 2 km. north of Lixouri is the monastery of the Virgin which has an ornate woodcarved iconostasis and precious icons in its katholikon. In the monastery of Kipouria (10 km. west of Lixouri) there are significant holy keimelia and Postbyzantine icons. At Kontogennada (12 km; northwest) Mycenaean tombs have been brought to light.

Cephallonia boasts many lovely sandy beaches: at Argostoli, Lixouri, Kipouria, Karavomylos, Sami, Aghia Evfimia, Assos, the shores of Leivathos, Skala and Poros. All are suitable for swimming, fishing and water sports. At Argostoli and in the large hotels there are tennis and basket ball courts, as well as a school of sea sports offering instruction in water-skiing, windsurfing and canoing. There is no shortage of hotels, rooms and apartments on the island, as well as villas for rent. An enjoyable vacation is assured. Those with their own boat may investigate the coves and bays around the coast and visit nearby Ithaka. There is a refuelling station at Sami.

Next month: Ionian Isles, Part 5b - Cephallonia-Ithaka


 February 2010 Greek Orthodox Calendar

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
  1
Tryphon the Martyr

Forefeast of the Presentation of Our Lord and Savior in the Temple

Perpetua & her Companions
2
The Presentation of Our Lord and Savior in the Temple

Gabriel the New Martyr of Constantinople

Jordan the New Martyr
3
Meatfare Wednesday

Symeon the God-Receiver, Anna the Prophetess

Stamatios, John, & Nicholas, New Martyrs of Chios
4
Meatfare Thursday

Isidore of Pelusium

Nicholas the Confessor
5
Meatfare Friday

Agatha the Martyr

Polyeuktos, Partriarch Of Constantinople
6
Saturday of Souls

Photios, Patriarch of Constantinople

Bucolos, Bishop of Smyrna
7
Judgment Sunday (Meatfare Sunday)

Parthenios, Bishop of Lampsakos

Luke the Righteous of Greece
8
Cheesefare Monday

Theodore the Commander & Great Martyr

Zechariah the Prophet
9
Cheesefare Tuesday

Leavetaking of the Presentation of Our Lord and Savior in the Temple

Nicephoros the Martyr of Antioch
10
Cheesefare Wednesday

Haralambos the Holy Martyr

Anastasios, Patriarch of Jerusalem
11
Cheesefare Thursday

Vlassios the Holy Martyr of Sebaste

Theodora the Empress
12
Cheesefare Thursday

Meletios, Archbishop of Antioch

Antonius, Archbishop of Constantinople
13
Cheesefare Saturday

Martinianos the Righteous

Aquilla & Priscilla the Apostles
14
Forgiveness Sunday

Holy Father Auxentius of the Mountain

Cyril, Equal-to-the-Apostles & Teacher of the Slavs
15
First Monday in Lent

Onesimus the Apostle of the 70

Our Righteous Father Anthimus the Elder of Chios
16
First Tuesday in Lent

Pamphilios the Martyr & his Companions

Flavianos, Patriarch of Constantinople
17
First Wednesday in Lent

Theodore the Tyro, Great Martyr

Mariamne, sister of Apostle Philip
18
First Thursday in Lent

Leo the Great, Pope of Rome

Agapetus the Confessor, Bishop of Sinai
19
First Friday in Lent

Philemon & Archippos, Apostles of the 70

Philothea the Righteous Martyr of Athens
20
First Saturday in Lent

Leo, Bishop of Catania

Agathus, Pope of Rome
21
Sunday of Orthodoxy

Timothy the Righteous

John III, Patriarch of Constantinople
22
2nd Monday of Lent

Finding of the Relics of the Holy Martyrs of Eugenios

Our Righteous Fathers Thalassius and Baradatus
23
2nd Tuesday of Lent

Polycarp the Holy Martyr & Bishop of Smyrna

Proterios, Archbishop of Alexandria
24
2nd Wednesday of Lent

First & Second Finding of the Venerable Head of John the Baptist

Romanos, Prince of Uglich
25
2nd Thursday of Lent

Tarasios, Patriarch of Constantinople

Reginos, Bishop of Skopelos
26
2nd Friday of Lent

Porphyrios, Bishop of Gaza

Photini the Samaritan Woman & her martyred sisters: Anatole, Phota, Photis, Praskevi, & Kyriaki
27
Second Saturday in Lent

Prokopios the Confessor of Decapolis

Raphael of Brooklyn
28
Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas

Righteous John Cassian the Confessor

Basil the Confessor
           


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